Singapore Science Centre Exhibition
About the Exhibition
“Earth: Our Untamed Planet” aims to create a greater awareness and appreciation of the Earth Sciences in Singapore, especially among students from primary to pre-university levels. The exhibit also demonstrates Singapore’s commitment to Earth Science research that will primarily benefit hazard-prone countries in the region. Finally, the exhibit showcases new scientific contributions by EOS scientists and their Singapore and international partners.
This multi-stakeholder initiative uses the strengths and talents of a broad spectrum of educators in secondary schools, administration, higher education, science centre, and research institution to design educational materials and workshops for students and teachers. These will broaden learning opportunities for this permanent exhibit, breaking down the barriers between in-classroom and free-choice learning.
What's in it?
Section 1: History of our Universe
The exhibition begins with a timeline of the universe from the Big Bang to the formation of the solar system, emphasizing the insignificance of human-time and -space scales in comparison to the age and size of our planet. Visitors then embark on a journey to the centre of the Earth entering a crack in a huge quadrant of the globe to photosexplore the composition and deep structure of our planet.
Learn more about Formation of the Universe:
- What is the big bang?
- What is a supercontinent?
- How do we know the age of the Earth? And the age of the solar system?
- How did life appear on Earth?
- How does photosynthesis work?
- Why are there mass extinctions?
Learn more about the Journey to the Centre of the Earth:
- What is the magnetic field of the Earth?
- Why S-waves cannot travel through liquids?
- Why is the Earth hot inside?
Section 2: Dynamic Atmosphere
A dynamic atmosphere features the “Typhoon Chamber”, a wind simulator in which visitors can actually feel the power of a hurricane. The main components of Singapore’s weather and the role of the Sun are presented in this area. The Sun’s heat, unequal at the poles and at the equator, is the driver of massive atmospheric events like storms, cyclones and typhoons.
Section 3: Earth under our feet
A review of Singapore's geology and tectonic history surrounds the exhibit "Science on a Sphere", a floating animated globe that displays several environmental and geological processes.
Learn more about Earth under our feet:
- Before colliding with Asia, where was India?
- How can human activities cause climate change?
- What is global warming and what is its main consequence?
- Why will sea level rise not be the same everywhere?
- What are the different types of rocks?
Section 4: Tsunamis
Visitors are then invited to learn more about tsunamis including the infamous catastrophes that struck the Indian Ocean shores in 2004 and Japan in 2011. They can witness the formation of a tsunami in the "tsunami-factory". Several sedimentological features of tsunami deposits such as the presence of typical micro-fossils are presented.
Scientists use these features to unravel paleo-history of catastrophic events.
Learn more about Tsunami:
- What is the best way to survive a tsunami?
- Where is a tsunami most likely to happen?
- Why does a boat at sea experience a tsunami differently from a boat near the shore?
- Why do trees seem to resist more to tsunamis than houses?
- Can Singapore be affected by a tsunami?
- Can animals sense an impending tsunami?
Section 5: Volcanoes
In the volcano section, visitors observe the inner structure and magmatic chamber of the Mayon volcano, one of EOS Lab Volcanoes. The volcanic neighbourhood of Singapore is detailed, and visitors learn more about various volcano-monitoring techniques.
Learn more about Volcanoes:
- What does a magma chamber look like?
- What is the difference between magma and lava?
- Is lava always liquid?
- Where can we find volcanoes on earth?
- What are the principal signals of a volcanic unrest? How can we forecast volcanic eruptions?
- Is the earth's mantle made of liquid magma?
- What were the largest eruptions in the world?
Section 6: Earthquakes
A comprehensive description of the Sunda megathrust illustrates plate tectonics and earthquakes in Southeast Asia. A slice of a real coral from Sumatra shows how scientists use paleo-seismology and coral studies to investigate past seismic events.
Learn more about Earthquakes:
- Why do tectonic plates move?
- What is gravity?
- How do we know the age of the seafloor?
- Why is the seafloor so recent and the continental crust so old?
- Where do we find the oldest continental rocks? And the oldest seafloor?
- What are hydrothermal vents, and why do we find them along mid-ocean ridges?
- What is an earthquake?
- What are the biggest historical earthquakes?
- Are all the faults on Earth active?
- What is a supercontinent?
- What is a fossil? What are they used for?
- What is GPS?
- Brief history of the plate tectonics theory
- Can we predict earthquakes?
- Is Singapore threatened by earthquakes?
- Are earthquakes and volcanic eruptions related?
Section 7: Living with an Untamed Planet
The final section of the exhibition highlights society's need for adaptation to live with an untamed planet. Several ways to mitigate natural hazards are presented, including an exhibit that illustrates the basic principles of earthquake-safe building. 'Singaporeans at the Frontline' encourages citizens to document their eyewitness accounts of natural disasters.
Learn more about living on Earth:
- Why do earthquakes happen in clusters?
- Why urbanization and deforestation make flooding more likely?
- Why does a building on solid bedrock resist better to an earthquake than a building on sediment or reclaimed land?
- Why does a building with full bracing resist better to an earthquake than a building with no bracing?
- Why does a building with base isolation resist better to an earthquake than a building without base isolation?