Charles Martin RUBIN
My research characterizes repeatability of slip and patterns of earthquake recurrence during large earthquakes. Presently, my current research explores the paleoseismic history of the Sunda megathrust that ruptured in the 2004 Aceh-Andaman earthquake and prehistoric earthquakes along the 1833 and 1797 slip patches, central Sumatra.
We characterized the timing and magnitude of past earthquakes along the surface rupture of the 1999 M7.6 Chi-chi earthquake, Taiwan and extended our scope to the 1951 surface rupture along the Longitudinal Valley fault in eastern Taiwan. Our work suggests that the shortening rate across the Longitudinal Valley fault accounts for only approximately 30% of the total shortening across the Longitudinal Valley and Coastal Range.
Along with my colleagues, we demonstrated that paleoearthquakes of the Aceh portion of the Sumatran subduction zone are well recorded in coastal wetland stratigraphy as regionally extensive buried soils. In contrast to coastal areas of the southwest Pacific and eastern Indian oceans that are removed from active subduction margins, the Aceh coastal lowland stratigraphy records a multiple-thousand year record of both abrupt and gradual RSL change because local vertical tectonic displacement is the dominant process affecting RSL history in the last ca. 7000 years.
In 2009, we began to study the coastal response to great earthquakes south of Padang, western Sumatra. The two buried soil horizons discovered in the stratigraphic record provide evidence for two rapid subsidence events accompanying Holocene paleo-ruptures of the subduction zone. The discovery of these regionally extensive buried soils documents recurrent great subduction zone earthquakes in the Padang region.
- 1990 Ph.D. Geology, California Institue of Technology, Pasadena, California
- 1980 M.Sc. Geology, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana
- 1974 B.S. Geology, with honours, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana
- 2010-present Head of the Division of Earth Sciences, Associate Professor, NTU
- 1999-2010 Professor, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington
- 1999-2002 Professor and Chair, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington
- 1998-1999 Crosby Lecturer and Visiting Professor, Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- 1998 Professor and Director, Graduate Programme in Geosciences, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington
- 1993-1998 Associate Professor, Graduate Programme in Geosciences, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington
- 1992-1997 Research Associate, Southern California Earthquake Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California
- 1992-1995 Visiting Research Associate in Geology, Seismological Laboratory, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California
- 1991-1993 Assistant Professor, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington
- 1991 Research Fellow, Seismology Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California
- 1990-1991 Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Geological Sciences, Stanford University, California
- 1985-1990 Graduate Research and Teaching Assistantship, California Institute of Technology, Division of Geologic and Planetary Sciences
- 1985-1990 Student appointment, U.S. Geological Survey, Branch of Alaskan Geology
- 1984-1985 Research Geologist, ARCO Minerals, Denver, Colorado
- 1980-1984 Project Geologist, ARCO Minerals, Anchorage, Alaska
- 2008 Elected Fellow of the Geological Society of America
- 1998 F. Beach Leighton Fellowship in Geology (unrestricted funds)
- 1985-1990 Graduate Teaching and Research Fellowship, California Institute of Technology
- 1985-1990 Graduate Tuition Fellowship, California Institute of Technology
- 1987 Geological Society of America Penrose Fellowship
- 1986 Ian Campbell Award for excellence in Field Geology, California Institute of Technology
- 1986 Geological Society of America Penrose Fellowship
- 1985 Geological Society of America Penrose Fellowship
- 1985 Sigma Xi Grant-In-Aid
Penultimate predecessors of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Aceh, Sumatra: Stratigraphic, archeological, and historical evidence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 120(1), 308-325. (2015).
Accommodation space, relative sea level, and the archiving of paleo-earthquakes along subduction zones. Geology. 43(8), 675-678. (2015).
Thin-bed Ground-Penetrating Radar analysis of preserved modern and palaeotsunami deposits from Phra Thong Island, Thailand. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar. (2014).
Stratigraphic evidence for an early Holocene earthquake in Aceh, Indonesia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 54, 142-151. (2012).
Glide avalanche response to an extreme rain-on-snow event, Snoqualmie Pass, Washington, USA. Journal of Glaciology. 57, 468-474. (2011).
Kinematic behavior of southern Alaska constrained by westward decreasing postglacial slip rates on the Denali Fault, Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research. 114, (2009).
Evidence for prehistoric coseismic folding along the Tsaotun segment of the Chelungpu fault near Nan-Tou, Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth . 112, (2007).
Serial ruptures of the San Andreas fault, Carrizo Plain, California, revealed by three-dimensional excavations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. 111, (2006).
Holocene and Latest Pleistocene Activity on the Mesquite Lake Fault near Twentynine Palms, Eastern California Shear Zone: Implications for Fault Interaction. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 96, 1305-1320. (2006).
Quantitative analysis of movement along an earthquake thrust scarp: a case study of a vertical exposure of the 1999 surface rupture of the Chelungpu fault at Wufeng, western Taiwan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 23, 263-273. (2004).
Six similar sequential ruptures of the San Andreas fault, Carrizo Plain, California. Geology. 32, 649-652. (2004).
The 2002 Denali fault earthquake, Alaska: A large magnitude, slip-partitioned event. Science. 300, 1113-1118. (2003).
Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, central Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research. 107, 2203. (2002).
A vertical exposure of the 1999 surface rupture of the Chelungpu fault at Wufeng, western Taiwan: Structural and paleoseismic implications for an active trust fault. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. 91, 914-929. (2001).
Long dormancy, low slip rate, and similar slip-per-event for the Emerson fault, eastern California shear zone. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. 102, 15319-15333. (1997).
Near-field investigations of the Landers earthquake sequence, April to July 1992. Science. 260, 171-176. (1993).
Geomorphic evidence for active faulting along the southern margin of the central Transverse Ranges, Southern California. Bulletin of the Association of Engineering Geologists. 30(4), 521-523. (1993).