Map of the "Ring of Fire" showing volcanoes, seismicity and plate boundaries around the Pacific Ocean.
This site and the suggested questions and activities in this document provide an excellent opportunity for guided inquiry learning in the field.
Gede and Salak, high-risk volcanoes in West Java, are representative of many arc volcanoes.
Infrasound travels thousands of kilometres and can be detected using the appropriate instrumentation. Several natural sources generate infrasound, including the hundreds of volcanoes surrounding Singapore.
This Knowledge Capsule summarizes the ongoing research of Assistant Professor Adam Switzer and his team in the coastlines of Southeast Asia and the South China Sea.
Block-diagram showing a cross-section of the Sunda Megathrust. The Indo-Australian tectonic plate (on the left) dives under the Eurasian plate (on the right).
A magnitude-7.9 earthquake struck Padang in September 2009. The epicentre was just 45 kilometres west of the city.
The 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake generated a huge tsunami that devastated the shores of the Indian Ocean.
In 2010 the Merapi experienced a dome collapse, which generated powerful pyroclastic flows.