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How We Can All Live in Harmony with Life on Earth

At home and abroad there is increasing agreement that we are facing an existential environmental crisis. Death, destruction, and disruption by extreme weather events, haze from forest fires, and contamination of oceans by plastic waste have dramatically increased the awareness of environmental degradation, and given rise to a realisation that the conclusions from decades of scientific research, and the dire predictions arising from it, indeed point to a considerable challenge to society.  

Social Media – The Newest Way to Track Volcanic Ash in Real Time

Social media has found itself a heavyweight role in geology. By scraping Twitter and mining text data in Tweets, scientists at the Nanyang Technological University can now track where volcanic ash has fallen. This breakthrough won Assistant Professor Benoit Taisne and Professor Gao Cong the Accelerating Creativity and Excellence (ACE) Award for their research project titled “Detecting and Tracking Volcanic Ash Using Social Media Data”.

Where on a Volcano is an Eruption Most Likely to Occur?

Magma commonly moves up towards the surface by creating cracks in the crust. It flows inside of the cracks, which grow upwards as the magma applies pressure and damages surrounding rocks. These magma-filled cracks are known as dikes and they are an important form which allows magma to travel easily through the crust.

Volcanic impact assessment currently relies on a small dataset sourced from detailed post-event field studies, which are limited in space and time, and in their applicability outside of the study a

Chemical and textural zoning in crystals from volcanic rocks can be used to fingerprint the processes that lead to magma storage and eruption, but decoding the crystal record is not straightforward

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