Support EOS

The Earth Observatory of Singapore conducts fundamental research on earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and climate change, in and around Southeast Asia, toward safer and more sustainable societies.

You Can Make a Difference

Your gift can create safer, more sustainable societies throughout Southeast Asia, while advancing critical knowledge through geohazard research. Find out about our work — and partner with us to make an impact.

Endowment

Our Endowment fund recognises the long-term nature of the Observatory’s mandate: to protect the lives and livelihoods of millions of people vulnerable to geohazard risks across Southeast Asia.

Our commitment to supporting these efforts — now and in perpetuity — is the driving force behind this fund. Naming opportunities, legacy gifts, planned giving, and donations of every size can support the work of our educators and scientists, impact the connections we make among countries and communities, and offer the promise of a brighter future to students of diverse backgrounds, from Southeast Asia and beyond.

Your contribution can help form the foundation of a strong institution that advances science, scholarship, safety, and policy worldwide. You can give to teams tasked with researching specific geohazards, or help support work focused on a particular region. Unrestricted gifts are particularly valuable, providing the financial infrastructure needed to keep the Observatory growing.

In this endeavour, as in so many others, our donors are our partners.

Give to the Observatory Endowment and double your impact! Singapore believes in research and education, and will match your gift, multiplying the significance of your generosity and strengthening our ability to work together toward the common good.

Centre for Geohazard Observations

The powerful research we do lies in our capacity for collecting, assessing, and sharing data, and the Centre for Geohazard Observations is at the heart of these efforts.

The Centre manages the Observatory’s technical assets — from lab facilities and computing capabilities to field instrumentation and networks — and oversees the tools that help us monitor the geophysical environment.

Our GPS arrays improve systems that warn of impending tsunamis; seismic networks and sound-monitoring equipment detect earthquake and volcanic activity; ground-scanning LIDAR and earth-penetrating radar help us watch over hazardous conditions above and below the ground.

By helping support the Centre for Geohazard Observations, you can participate in our efforts to monitor geohazards throughout Southeast Asia, gathering valuable data, and sharing knowledge and expertise throughout the region.

Centre for Geohazard Communication and Education

The Centre for Geohazard Communication and Education bridges the gap between science and society.

Using outreach, education, workshops, and digital communications, the Centre disseminates information about new research, provides insight into geohazard crises, interacts with the media, and consults with business, government, and civic groups in dealing with the region’s unique environmental risks.

At all levels, these partnerships offer ways to integrate scientific understanding with local knowledge. By sharing experiences and expertise, expanding relationships with both scientific and nonscientific communities, and creating relationships with local and global partners, this group builds valuable awareness of natural hazards research.

Your gift to the Centre for Geohazard Communication and Education can help build strong ties between the work we do and the people we do it for.

Scholarships and Field Programmes

Supporting a student’s ability to explore the Earth’s dynamic processes can reap untold rewards.

Scholarships
Giving to our general scholarship fund, or creating your own named fund, is a philanthropic gift that can offer hope, change lives, and uplift future generations. By supporting scholarship programmes, donors remove some of the financial burden associated with a quality education, and allow promising students the opportunity to explore their potential to the fullest.

Field Programmes
Field studies provide an understanding of the Earth and environment that cannot be gained from classroom studies alone. Studies in the field give students the opportunity to connect concepts they’ve learned in the classroom with the real world, learn the cutting-edge techniques used in scientific research, and engage with the world around them.

Your financial assistance can help students emerge as professionals, dispersing across the region with the potential for implementing — or even creating — new tools and techniques aimed at safeguarding vulnerable populations, now and in the future.

The Climate Group

Our Climate Group focuses on the unique characteristics of Southeast Asia’s tropical environment.

Researchers study sea-level change, air quality, flooding, monsoons, tsunamis, marine environments, weather, and more, gathering much-needed data on climatic forces.

Working with scientists from around the region and beyond, the team monitors and measures characteristics of the environment, models conditions of the past, and develops new ways to deal with the future consequences of global climate change.

Your gift to this group will help us respond to emergent climate-related needs, establish norms for clean air and healthy marine environments, and create proactive ways of protecting both the people and the environment of Southeast Asia.

Hazards, Risk and Society

The Hazards, Risk, and Society Group explores the effects of geohazards on the rapidly growing population of Southeast Asia. As cities and settlements grow, so does the need for the team’s expertise.

Working intensively in the field, the Hazards, Risk, and Society group brings together scientists and civic leaders to share information and inform policy on controlling floods, building safe structures, maintaining clean air and water supplies, and creating effective sanitation systems.

By supporting this work, your gift can aid in the fight against the dangers presented by the region’s geohazards, and help rebuild lives after a disaster has struck.

The Tectonics Group

Over the years, some of the world’s biggest earthquakes have decimated areas of Southeast Asia and taken hundreds of lives. The Tectonics Group studies how and why, mapping webs of active faults hidden under the earth (and, in the case of tsunamis, under the water), and guarding against the dangers they present.

In their efforts to understand the region’s tectonic and seismic behavior, the Tectonics Group gathers information from both above and below ground, combining data from networks of high-tech sources — satellites, seismic stations, gravitational monitors — with information gathered in the field, where rocks and landforms hold clues to past events.

The knowledge gained, shared across the region, can pinpoint danger spots and alert growing communities to potential risks.

When you donate to Tectonics research, your gift supports EOS’s participation in international efforts to understand earthquakes and tsunamis. With your help, we can devise methods to improve forecasting and safeguard the growing populations of Southeast Asia.

The Volcano Group

The volcanoes of Southeast Asia are among the most active and destructive on Earth.

The Volcano Group is focused on understanding these enigmatic giants, their impact on the environment and society, and ways to mitigate the hazards they present.

Working with partners from across the globe, the Volcano Group maintains laboratories dedicated to monitoring the volcanoes of Southeast Asia, and conducts research aimed at producing the tools and techniques needed to forecast eruptions and safeguard communities.

Your gift to this group will help support critical research efforts, equipment needs, emergency response efforts, and the data collection and analysis programs needed to drive new leaps in understanding.


How You are Making a Difference

“ Sea-Level Rise Could Increase the Risk of Tsunamis”

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Sea-Level Rise Could Increase the Risk of Tsunamis

A one-metre rise in sea level could dramatically increase the frequency of flooding up to almost five times for tsunami-safe Macau, in a new study led by scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore). 

The team of scientists from NTU’s Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) and Asian School of the Environment (ASE), used computer modelling, and initially showed that Macau, a densely populated coastal city in China, is relatively safe from tsunamis as it requires an earthquake larger than 8.8-magnitude to cause widespread tsunami floods.

However, with just a sea level rise of 0.5 metres, the tsunami-induced flood risk increases to up to 2.4 times and with a 1 metre rise, up to 4.7 times. 

The increased flooding frequency was contributed by earthquakes of smaller magnitudes which posed no threat at current sea level but could cause significant flooding at higher sea level conditions. 

The study was published today in ...

“New Findings about Sea-Level Rise that could Impact Singapore's Mangroves”

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New Findings about Sea-Level Rise that could Impact Singapore's Mangroves

Leading an international study on the vulnerability of salt marshes in the United Kingdom (UK), scientists from the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) at Nanyang Technological University warn that the enhanced rates in sea-level rise are likely to destroy the marshlands found in the UK sooner than previously thought. 

In a paper published in Nature Communications on 12 July 2018, the team led by Professor Benjamin Horton, Principal Investigator at EOS, found that rising sea levels from the past led to increased waterlogging of the salt marshes in the region, killing the vegetation that protects them from erosion. From the data extracted from 800 salt-marsh...

“All Eyes and Ears: Insights from a Seismo-Geodesy Study into an Underground Nuclear Test Site”

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All Eyes and Ears: Insights from a Seismo-Geodesy Study into an Underground Nuclear Test Site

On 3 September 2017, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) conducted its sixth underground nuclear test at the Punggye-ri test site. In collaboration with scientists from Germany, USA, and China, my colleagues from the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) and I published our findings in Science on 11 May 2018, revealing the complex physical processes associated with the nuclear test.

We found that the top of the mountain experienced a rise, collapse, and compaction at different time scales after the explosion. The explosive yield from the nuclear detonation with seismic and geodetic modeling was between 120-304 kilotons of TNT, which is more than 10 times the power of the Hiroshima bombing (~15 kilotons).

Despite the explosion occurring in an inaccessible region, space geodesists can “see” the displacement via radar images acquired by satellites flying...

“How Long Does It Take to Build a Caldera-Sized Magma Reservoir?”

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How Long Does It Take to Build a Caldera-Sized Magma Reservoir?

Some eruptions are so large, and discharge so much magma (molten rock), that the roof of the magma chamber can no longer support itself. When the roof collapses, it forms a big hole in the ground called a caldera. One such volcano is Santorini, in Greece, whose distinctive ring shape was formed by multiple caldera collapses.

We studied the Cape Riva eruption of Santorini, an eruption of at least 10 km3 of magma —enough to cover all of Singapore to a depth of at least 14 m. We wanted to know how long it takes to assemble the magma that eventually gets erupted at the surface in a caldera-forming eruption like the Cape Riva. Do these magma reservoirs slowly grow over tens of thousands of years, or are they emplaced more rapidly? Knowing what happens before such large eruptions would help volcano observatories to provide warning of an impending caldera-forming eruption.

In order to answer this question, first, we looked...

“Slipping Towards a Better Understanding of How Earthquakes are Generated”

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Slipping Towards a Better Understanding of How Earthquakes are Generated

Earthquakes continue to cause tremendous damage and casualties around the world. Contrary to other geophysical hazards, such as storms and floods, seismic hazards still elude short-term prediction. This is due, on the one hand, to our limited understanding of how rocks deform and break; and on the other hand, by the difficulty of probing Earth's interior to determine the physical parameters of a given fault.

To improve our understanding of how earthquakes are generated, a useful approach is to confront our hypotheses with a combination of laboratory experiments, field observations, and theoretical predictions.

The monitoring of plate boundaries with seismometers and GPS instruments, together with the development of increasingly sophisticated laboratory experiments, have revealed that Earth's faults can break in a variety of styles. A convenient way to classify these different ruptures is by how fast they move.

On the fast end of the spectrum, we find...

“Seismic Data Collection Amid Lingering Monsoon”

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Seismic Data Collection Amid Lingering Monsoon

In early 2016, the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) installed a network of seismic stations in northeastern Bangladesh called TREMBLE - Temporary Receivers for Monitoring Bangladesh Earthquakes. The aim of TREMBLE is to monitor seismicity and study body waves - seismic waves that move through the earth’s interior. TREMBLE also enables shallow tomographic studies. It is an ongoing collaboration with Dhaka University’s Department of Geology.

Bangladesh has a long history of floods and earthquakes. With the 8th largest population in the world, it has a limited land area of just 147,570 square kilometres (km2). It also lacks infrastructure that can withstand earthquakes.

Having this many people in such a small area is potentially disastrous in the event of an earthquake. It is thus important that we better understand what is happening seismically in the area - particularly the interactions between the Chittagong fold belt and the Dauki thrust fault.

As...