Hydrology, Sediment Fluxes and Floods of the Irrawaddy River, Myanmar

The Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) is one of the lesser known large rivers in the world and the second largest river of Southeast Asia in water discharge, after the Mekong. It still has a natural regime because regulation by dams is incipient. The system is also a hotspot of biodiversity, but the basin is very vulnerable because of human environmental pressure such as mining, dredging, deforestation, and proposed dams are increasing rampantly. The Irrawaddy delta is considered the less impacted of the large deltas of Asia, and the most extremely prone to floods by tropical storms and coastal storm surges. Myanmar is also among the 15 nations in the world that are most prone to flood.

The main scope of this grant is covering three major interrelated topics: hydrology, sediment transport, and floods. A variety of methods, field and lab works, modern technologies, and modeling, are applied in each subfield.

Digital Elevation Model of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) River basin (Source: Edgardo Latrubesse)

 

Funding Sources: 

  • Earth Observatory of Singapore

Project Years: 

2019
2020
2021
2022