SouthEast Asia SEA-Level Program (SEA2)

The SouthEast Asia SEA-level program (SEA2) will integrate instrumental, historical, and geological sea-level datasets in Southeast Asia with sophisticated modeling capabilities to improve the accuracy of projections of sea-level rise and extreme sea levels, and to communicate the results to the scientific community, governmental agencies, and the public. SEA2 will assemble a multi-disciplinary team of leading experts in the fields of reconstructing past and present sea-level change, polar ice-sheet history, oceanography, geodesy, glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) modeling, and the statistical analysis and modeling of sea-level data. Through training, the SEA2 team will build a home-grown scientific community that can respond to Singapore and Southeast Asia’s need for future sea-level projections and their interpretation. 

SEA2 has identified five specific objectives to meet the challenge of understanding global and regional sea-level rise and extreme sea levels:

1. To develop a comprehensive model for regional vertical land motion – from tectonics, subsidence from groundwater withdrawal, and other solid-earth processes – that can be incorporated into sea-level projections.
2. To extend the record of sea-level change beyond the brief instrumental record to quantify regional processes.
3. To measure and model the importance of annual to multi-decadal cycles in constraining the future of extreme sea level.
4. To produce projections of global mean and regional sea-level change on policy-relevant (decadal) timescales.
5. To quantify the potential impact of sea-level rise and extreme sea level on coastal communities of Southeast Asia and develop decision support tools for protective adaptation measures.

Funding Sources: 

  • Ministry of Education, Singapore

Project Years: 


EOS Team: 

Lead Principal Investigator
Team Principal Investigator
Team Principal Investigator
Team Principal Investigator
Team Principal Investigator
Co-Principal Investigator
Co-Principal Investigator


Co-Principal Investigator(s):
Dan Friess, NUS
Fiona Williamson, SMU
Mueller-Wittig, SCSE, Nanyang Technological University
Ooi Seat Keng and Srivatsan V. Raghavan, TMSI, National University of Singapore
Kristine Larson, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
Eelco Rohling, Australian National University, Australia 
Maureen Raymo, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, USA
Robert Kopp, Rutgers University, USA
Richard Peltier, University of Toronto, Canada
Ivan Haigh, University of Southampton, UK
Andrea Dutton, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Natalya Gomez, McGill, Canada
Nicole Khan, Hong Kong University
Gayatri Marliyani, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Nina Lin, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Peter Sloot, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Justin DauwelsDelft University of Technology, Netherlands