|Title||Crystal structure and surface characteristics of Sr-doped GdBaCo2O6-delta double perovskites: oxygen evolution reaction and conductivity|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Pramana SS, Cavallar A, Li C, Handoko AD, Chan K W, Walker RJ, Regoutz A, Herrin JS, Yeo B S, Payne DJ, Kilner JA, Ryan MP, Skinner SJ|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Chemistry A|
A cheap and direct solution towards engineering better catalysts through identification of novel materials is required for a sustainable energy system. Perovskite oxides have emerged as potential candidates to replace the less economically attractive Pt and IrO2 water splitting catalysts. In this work, excellent electrical conductivity (980 S cm(-1)) was found for the double perovskite of composition GdBa0.6Sr0.4Co2O6-delta which is consistent with a better oxygen evolution reaction activity with the onset polarisation of 1.51 V with respect to a reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). GdBa1-xSrxCo2O6-delta with increasing Sr content was found to crystallise in the higher symmetry tetragonal P4/mmm space group in comparison with the undoped GdBaCo2O6-delta which is orthorhombic (Pmmm), and yields higher oxygen uptake, accompanied by higher Co oxidation states. This outstanding electrochemical performance is explained by the wider carrier bandwidth, which is a function of Co-O-Co buckling angles and Co-O bond lengths. Furthermore the higher oxygen evolution activity was observed despite the formation of non-lattice oxides (mainly hydroxide species) and enrichment of alkaline earth ions on the surface.