Hypocenter and Magnitude Analysis of Aftershocks of the 2018 Lombok, Indonesia, Earthquakes Using Local Seismographic Networks

TitleHypocenter and Magnitude Analysis of Aftershocks of the 2018 Lombok, Indonesia, Earthquakes Using Local Seismographic Networks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsSasmi ATrisnia, Nugraha ADian, Muzli, Widiyantoro S, Zulfakriza Z, Wei S, Sahara DP, Riyanto A, Puspito NT, Priyono A, Greenfield T, Afif H, Supendi P, Daryono D, Ardianto A, Syahbana D K, Husni YMi’rojul, Prabowo BS, Sarjan AFajar Naro
JournalSeismological Research Letters
Volume91
Issue4
Pagination2152–2162
Date Published05/2020
Abstract

The island of Lombok in Indonesia is located between the Indo‐Australian and Eurasian subduction trenches and the Flores back‐arc thrust, making it vulnerable to earthquakes. On 29 July 2018, a significant earthquake Mw 6.4 shook this region and was followed by series of major earthquakes (Mw>5.8Mw>5.8) on 5, 9, and 19 August, which led to severe damage in the northern Lombok area. In this study, we attempt to reveal the possible cause of the sequences of the 2018 Lombok earthquakes based on aftershock monitoring data. Twenty stations were deployed to record earthquake waveform data from 4 August to 9 September 2018. In total, 3259 events were identified using 28,728 P‐ and 20,713 S‐wave arrival times during the monitoring. The aftershock hypocenters were determined using a nonlinear approach and relocated using double‐difference method. The moment magnitude (Mw) of each event was determined by fitting the displacement spectrum amplitude using a Brune‐type model. The magnitudes of the aftershocks range from Mw 1.7 to 6.7. The seismicity pattern reveals three clusters located in the Flores oceanic crust, which fit well with the occurrences of the four events with Mw>6Mw>6. We interpret these events as the main rupture area of the 2018 Lombok earthquake sequence. Furthermore, an aseismic zone in the vicinity of Rinjani extending toward the northwestern part of Lombok was observed. We propose that the crust in this area has elevated temperatures and is highly fractured thus inhibiting the generation of large earthquakes. The aseismic nature is therefore an artifact of the detection threshold of our network (Mw 4.6).

DOI10.1785/0220190348