Mass accumulation rates in Asia during the Cenozoic

TitleMass accumulation rates in Asia during the Cenozoic
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsMétivier F, Gaudemer Y, Tapponnier P, Klein M
JournalGeophysical Journal InternationalGeophysical Journal International
Volume137
Pagination280-318
Date PublishedMay
ISBN Number0956-540X
Accession NumberWOS:000080218700002
Abstract

This work establishes estimates of mass accumulation rates in 18 mostly offshore sedimentary basins in Asia since the beginning of the Cenozoic, approximate to 66 Ma. The estimates were derived from isopach maps, cross-sections and drill holes or stratigraphic columns assuming regional similarity of the strata. Average solid phase volumes and accumulation rates were calculated for nine epochs approximately corresponding to geological periods: Palaeocene (approximate to 66-58 Ma), Eocene (approximate to 58-37 Ma), Oligocene (approximate to 37-30 and 30-24 Ma), Miocene ( approximate to 24-17, 17-11 and 11-5 Ma), Pliocene ( approximate to 5-2 Ma) and Quaternary (approximate to 2-0 Ma). These rates shed new light on the geological history of Asia since the onset of the collision of India with Asia (approximate to 50 Ma). The overall average accumulation rates curve for Asian sedimentary basins since the beginning of the Tertiary shows an exponential form with slow accumulation rates (less than 0.5 x 10(6) km(3) Myr(-1)) until the beginning of the Oligocene, more than 15 Myr after the onset of the collision. From the Oligocene onwards rates increase quickly in an exponential manner, reaching their maximum values in the Quaternary (more than 1.5 x 10(6) km(3) Myr(-1)). From these observations we suggest that extrusion and crustal shortening are complementary processes that have been successively dominant throughout the India-Eurasia collision history. At smaller scales one may distinguish between independent histories at the subcontinental and basin scales. This permits a comparison of the relative importance of tectonic and climatic erosion processes affecting the different mountain belts of Asia during the Cenozoic.