|Title||Onset and termination of Heinrich Stadial 4 and the underlying climate dynamics|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Cheng H, Xu Y, Dong X, Zhao J, Li H, Baker J, Sinha A, Spötl C, Zhang H, Du W, Zong B, Jia X, Kathayat G, Liu D, Cai Y, Wang X, Strikis NM, Cruz FW, Auler AS, Gupta AK, Singh RKumar, Jaglan S, Dutt S, Liu Z, Edwards R L|
|Journal||Communications Earth & Environment|
|Other Numbers||Article number: 230|
|Keywords||Atmospheric dynamics, Hydrology, Palaeoclimate|
Heinrich Stadial 4 during the last glacial period was marked by severe cooling at northern high latitudes along with the attendant changes in Asian Monsoon (Chinese Stadial 4) and South American Monsoon (South American Stadial 4). Here we present improved constraints on timings of Heinrich/Chinese/South American Stadial 4 onset and termination at sub-centennial precision based on speleothem records. We show that their initial onsets were essentially synchronous (40.20 ± 0.08 thousand years ago) and led the Antarctic warming by ~300 years. The Heinrich/Chinese Stadial 4 termination commenced at 38.34 ± 0.07 thousand years ago following a centennial-scale reduction in the Amazon River runoff and a poleward shift of the Southern Westerly wind belt. These two precursor events may have contributed to a reduced Amazon Plume Region and an enhanced Agulhas salt/heat leakage that led to an abrupt resumption of the Atlantic Meridional Ocean Circulation eventually triggering the Heinrich/Chinese Stadial 4 termination.