A Significant Portion of Water-Soluble Organic Matter in Fresh Biomass Burning Particles Does Not Contribute to Hygroscopic Growth: An Application of Polarity Segregation by 1-Octanol-Water Partitioning Method

TitleA Significant Portion of Water-Soluble Organic Matter in Fresh Biomass Burning Particles Does Not Contribute to Hygroscopic Growth: An Application of Polarity Segregation by 1-Octanol-Water Partitioning Method
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChen J, Lee W-C, Itoh M, Kuwata M
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume53
Issue17
Pagination10034-10042
Date Published07/2019
Abstract

The importance of water-soluble organic matter (WSOM) on the hygroscopic growth of particles is recognized, yet roles of different categories of WSOM are under debate. We segregated WSOM from Indonesian biomass burning particles by the 1-octanol–water partitioning method. The method is based on the 1-octanol–water partition coefficient (KOW), which correlates with water solubility. The segregated WSOM was analyzed using the humidified tandem differential mobility analyzer (HTDMA) and time-of-flight aerosol chemical speciation monitor (ToF-ACSM). Both the hygroscopicity parameter κ and the fractional contribution of m/z 44 (f44), which serves as a metric for degree of oxygenation, increased with polarity. This result experimentally evidenced that highly polar/water-soluble OM is highly hygroscopic/oxygenated. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) identified three factors from the ToF-ACSM data. Deconvolution of κ by PMF factors demonstrated that the less polar fractions, which occupy approximately 20–60% of WSOM dependent on the biomass type, almost do not contribute to water uptake under subsaturated conditions. This result highlights that categorization of WSOM will be needed to understand how hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles is regulated.

DOI10.1021/acs.est.9b01696