Stress changes along the Sunda trench following the 26 December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman and 28 March 2005 Nias earthquakes

TitleStress changes along the Sunda trench following the 26 December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman and 28 March 2005 Nias earthquakes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsPollitz FF, Banerjee P, Bürgmann R, Hashimoto M, Choosakul N
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume33
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0094-8276
Accession NumberWOS:000236344900002
Abstract

[1] The 26 December 2004 M-w = 9.2 and 28 March 2005 M-w = 8.7 earthquakes on the Sumatra megathrust altered the state of stress over a large region surrounding the earthquakes. We evaluate the stress changes associated with coseismic and postseismic deformation following these two large events, focusing on postseismic deformation that is driven by viscoelastic relaxation of a low- viscosity asthenosphere. Under Coulomb failure stress ( CFS) theory, the December 2004 event increased CFS on the future hypocentral zone of the March 2005 event by about 0.25 bar, with little or no contribution from viscous relaxation. Coseismic stresses around the rupture zones of the 1797 and 1833 Sunda trench events are negligible, but postseismic stress perturbations since December 2004 are predicted to result in CFS increases of 0.1 to 0.2 bar around these rupture zones between 2 and 8 years after the December 2004 event. These are considerable stress perturbations given that the 1797 and 1833 rupture zones are likely approaching the end of a complete seismic cycle.