|Title||Transient uplift after a 17th-century earthquake along the Kuril trench|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Sawai Y, Satake K, Kamataki T, Nasu H, Shishikura M, Atwater BF, Horton BP, Kelsey HM, Nagumo T, Yamaguchi M|
In eastern Hokkaido, 60 to 80 kilometers above a subducting oceanic plate, tidal mudflats changed into freshwater forests during the first decades after a 17th-century tsunami. The mudflats gradually rose by a meter, as judged from fossil diatom assemblages. Both the tsunami and the ensuing uplift exceeded any in the region’s 200 years of written history, and both resulted from a shallow plate-boundary earthquake of unusually large size along the Kuril subduction zone. This earthquake probably induced more creep farther down the plate boundary than did any of the region’s historical events.