Water uptake by fresh Indonesian peat burning particles is limited by water-soluble organic matter

TitleWater uptake by fresh Indonesian peat burning particles is limited by water-soluble organic matter
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsChen J, Budisulistiorini S H, Itoh M, Lee W-C, Miyakawa T, Komazaki Y, Yang L D Q, Kuwata M
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Date Published09/2017

The relationship between hygroscopic properties and chemical characteristics of Indonesian biomass burning (BB) particles, which are dominantly generated from peatland fires, was investigated using a humidified tandem differential mobility analyzer. In addition to peat, acacia (a popular species at plantation) and fern (a pioneering species after disturbance by fire) were used for experiments. Fresh Indonesian peat burning particles are almost non-hygroscopic (mean hygroscopicity parameter, kappa < 0 : 06) due to predominant contribution of water-insoluble organics. The range of kappa spans from 0.02 to 0.04 (dry diameter = 100 nm, hereinafter) for Riau peat burning particles, while that for Central Kalimantan ranges from 0.05 to 0.06. Fern combustion particles are more hygroscopic (kappa = 0 : 08), whereas the acacia burning particles have a mediate kappa value (0.04). These results suggest that kappa is significantly dependent on biomass types. This variance in kappa is partially determined by fractions of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC), as demonstrated by a correlation analysis (R = 0 : 65). kappa of water-soluble organic matter is also quantified, incorporating the 1-octanol-water partitioning method. kappa values for the water extracts are high, especially for peat burning particles (A 0 (a whole part of the water-soluble fraction): kappa = 0 : 18, A 1 (highly water-soluble fraction): kappa = 0 : 30). This result stresses the importance of both the WSOC fraction and kappa of the water-soluble fraction in determining the hygroscopicity of organic aerosol particles. Values of kappa correlate positively (R = 0 : 89) with the fraction of m/z 44 ion signal quantified using a mass spectrometric technique, demonstrating the importance of highly oxygenated organic compounds to the water uptake by Indonesian BB particles. These results provide an experimentally validated reference for hygroscopicity of organicsdominated particles, thus contributing to more accurate estimation of environmental and climatic impacts driven by Indonesian BB particles on both regional and global scales.