Overview

The aim of the Volcanic Petrology group is to conduct fundamental research on magmatic processes and rocks from active volcanoes, toward better understanding and forecasting of volcanic eruptions.

Some of our underlying research questions include

  • triggering mechanisms of eruptions
  • storage conditions (P, T, fO2, fH2O, fS2, fCO2) of magmas prior to eruption
  • unraveling the processes that occur in the reservoir and volcanic conduit
  • time scales for all these processes
  • integration of topics #1-4 with monitoring signals (seismicity, deformation, gas chemistry) of active volcanoes
  • numerical modeling of magmatic, and volcanic processes, plus monitoring signals towards predictability of volcanic phenomena

The signature and strength that distinguishes this group from others worldwide is that we focus our research on deciphering the time scales for all of these processes.

Some of our research tools include:

  • Mineralogical and geochemical analyses, in-situ and bulk (techniques: electron microprobe, ion probe, FTIR, XRF, TEM, LA-ICP-MS: These mainly take place at EOS and NTU facilities: We also utilize facilities of our international collaborators.
  • High P and T experiments (phase equilibria and kinetics: in collaboration with colleagues from France and Germany)
  • Dating and geochronology (in collaboration with colleagues from France and USA )
  • Field mapping and stratigraphic studies of eruption sequences (other EOS Volcano group members and colleagues from PHIVOLCS and CVI)
  • Numerical modeling (FD, FEM; EOS and in collaboration with colleagues from Spain and USA)

Resources

DIPRA: A user-friendly program to model multi-element diffusion in olivine with applications to timescales of magmatic processes

Facilities

Electron Microprobe
Lab Volcano Facilities
Petrology Laboratories
Petrophysical Laboratory

Projects

The various roles of pre-eruptive volatiles on volcanic processes

Volatiles are a key component of volcanic activity. The amount of volatiles, depth of magma storage,...
Read Project Details

Statistical petrology to quantify magmatic processes and global volcano correlations

Chemical and textural zoning in crystals from volcanic rocks can be used to fingerprint the processe...
Read Project Details

Time scales of volcanic unrest and dynamics of magma ascent

Petrological studies can inform of the processes and time scales of magma movement and ascent, and t...
Read Project Details

Publications

Year 2021

Editorial: The Impact of Open Science for Evaluation of Volcanic Hazards

Elisa Trasatti, Fidel Costa, & Michelle Parks

Year 2021

Reconstructing eruptions at a data limited volcano: A case study at Gede (West Java)

Eleanor Tennant, Annie Winson, Christina Widiwijayanti, Hendra Gunawan, Hetty Triastuti, NiaHaerani, et al.

The Team

Fidel COSTA

Fidel COSTA

Visiting Professor

LIM Siang Joo

LIM Siang Joo

Research Associate

WONG Chun Yu

WONG Chun Yu

Secretary

Subscribe to the EOS Newsletter

Stay in touch with the latest news, events, research, and publications from the Earth Observatory of Singapore.

Email is required

Email is wrong format

You Can Make a Difference

Partner with us to make an impact and create safer, more sustainable societies throughout Southeast Asia.
Make A Gift